In this tutorial we demonstrate how to fetch a geolocation CSV or MMDB database and setup automatic updates.
dbip-update is the preferred way for loading and updating databases. It is bundled in the package below and is meant to be run on the command line.dbip-phpsrc-3.1.tgz
When run without arguments or configuration file, dbip-update outputs this help page :
~# ./dbip-update.php usage: ./dbip-update.php -k <accountKey> [-l] [-d <dbType>] [-f <format>] [-o <outputDir|outputFileName>] [-b <dataSourceName> [-u <dbUser>] [-p <dbPassword] [-t <dbTableName>]] [-c <configFile>] [-n] [-z|-Z] [-w] [-q] -l list available items and exit -n request new items only -z fetch uncompressed file (default for mmdb format) -Z fetch compressed file (default for csv format) -w overwrite destination file if it already exists -b PDO DSN for database update (ie. "mysql:host=localhost;dbname=dbip") -u database username (default 'root') -p database password (default '') -t name of database table (default 'dbip_lookup') -q be quiet ~#
If you plan to use it for updates on a regular basis, you may want to create a configuration file to hold your basic account and database configuration.
The configuration file is optional. When dbip-update finds a file named dbip-update.ini in its directory, it will attempt to load it and apply its settings.
Below is a sample dbip-update.ini :
[account] ; Your account key is available in your customer section at https://db-ip.com/account/ accountKey = INSERT_YOUR_ACCOUNT_KEY_HERE [file] ; This can be either csv or mmdb, default is csv format = mmdb ; The place where your web server or other app expects to find the database outputFileName = /home/myapp/dbip-country.mmdb
Now that you have created a configuration file, it is time to fetch the latest available database file.
This is simply done by running dbip-update :
# ./dbip-update.php Starting update for ip-to-country (May 11th 2021) Download completed: 6,847.9 KB Verify signature: [MD5] [SHA1] passed Wrote /home/myapp/dbip-country.mmdb ~#
The process takes a few seconds to several minutes depending on your internet connection performance
dbip-update has the ability to start an update only if there are new database releases that you have not downloaded yet.
This is done by adding a
-n parameter to the commande line :
~# ./dbip-update.php -n there are no new downloads available ~#
If your operating systems supports it, you should then add a crontab entry to periodically check for new releases and update your local database.
When running it from a crontab, you should prevent dbip-update from sending unnecessary details to the console, the
-q argument will silent all but critical errors.
In the sample crontab entry below, dbip-update is run daily at midnight and will update the local database if it finds a new release :
# m h dom mon dow user command 0 0 * * * root /path/to/myapp/dbip/dbip-update.php -w -n -q
|Free||Basic||Core||Extended||IP to Country||IP to City||IP to Location||IP to ISP||IP to Location+ISP|
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