Update CSV or MMDB databases

In this tutorial we demonstrate how to fetch a geolocation CSV or MMDB database and setup automatic updates.


Install dbip-update


dbip-update is the preferred way for loading and updating databases. It is bundled in the package below and is meant to be run on the command line.

  dbip-phpsrc-3.0.tgz

When run without arguments or configuration file, dbip-update outputs this help page :

~# ./dbip-update.php
usage: ./dbip-update.php -k <accountKey> [-l] [-d <dbType>] [-f <format>] [-o <outputDir|outputFileName>] [-b <dataSourceName> [-u <dbUser>] [-p <dbPassword] [-t <dbTableName>]] [-c <configFile>] [-n] [-z|-Z] [-w] [-q]
 -l  list available items and exit
 -n  request new items only
 -z  fetch uncompressed file (default for mmdb format)
 -Z  fetch compressed file (default for csv format)
 -w  overwrite destination file if it already exists
 -b  PDO DSN for database update (ie. "mysql:host=localhost;dbname=dbip")
   -u  database username (default 'root')
   -p  database password (default '')
   -t  name of database table (default 'dbip_lookup')
 -q  be quiet
~#

If you plan to use it for updates on a regular basis, you may want to create a configuration file to hold your basic account and database configuration.


Create configuration file

The configuration file is optional. When dbip-update finds a file named dbip-update.ini in its directory, it will attempt to load it and apply its settings.

Below is a sample dbip-update.ini :

[account]
; Your account key is available in your customer section at https://db-ip.com/account/
accountKey = INSERT_YOUR_ACCOUNT_KEY_HERE

[file]
; This can be either csv or mmdb, default is csv
format = mmdb
; The place where your web server or other app expects to find the database
outputFileName = /home/myapp/dbip-country.mmdb




Initial download


Now that you have created a configuration file, it is time to fetch the latest available database file.

This is simply done by running dbip-update :

# ./dbip-update.php
Starting update for ip-to-country (November 19th 2018)
Download completed: 6,847.9 KB
Verify signature: [MD5] [SHA1] passed
Wrote /home/myapp/dbip-country.mmdb
~#

The process takes a few seconds to several minutes depending on your internet connection performance




Setup automatic updates


dbip-update has the ability to start an update only if there are new database releases that you have not downloaded yet.

This is done by adding a -n parameter to the commande line :

~# ./dbip-update.php -n
there are no new downloads available
~#

Add a crontab entry

If your operating systems supports it, you should then add a crontab entry to periodically check for new releases and update your local database.

When running it from a crontab, you should prevent dbip-update from sending unnecessary details to the console, the -q argument will silent all but critical errors.

In the sample crontab entry below, dbip-update is run daily at midnight and will update the local database if it finds a new release :

# m h dom mon dow user  command
0 0    * * *   root    /path/to/myapp/dbip/dbip-update.php -w -n -q




Compatibility

API DB
Free Basic Core Extended IP to Country IP to City IP to Location IP to ISP IP to Location+ISP

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